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  • Group type: Open to all
  • Founded: 23.02.2009
  • Group Members: 4
  • Manager: sekander



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Bulletin: Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) Explained
Created: 23.02.2009

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) Explained

Environmental pollution, particularly in land fills, from discarded electronic equipment (e-waste) or "waste electrical and electronic equipment" (WEEE), has been an increasing concern worldwide. Pollution occurs due to leakage of hazardous materials contained in the discarded equipment. The European Union has passed two related regulations to improve e-waste management and to limit the presence of hazardous materials in the waste.One is the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 2002/95/EC (popularly called the Lead free RoHS) which limits the presence of six hazardous materials in electrical and electronic equipment. The other is the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive 2002/96/EC. The WEEE directive aims at minimization of the impact of e-waste on the environment, by increasing re-use and recycling and reducing the amount of WEEE going to landfills. EU members are required to incorporate the provisions of both the RoHS and the WEEE are directives into their individual legislations.Effective August 13, 2005, the WEEE directive, excludes equipment related to state security, arms and ammunition and war materials However it does cover thirteen categories of e-waste: 1. Large household appliances - excludes ODS fridges/freezers 2. Small household appliances (e.g. toaster, kettle, vacuum cleaner) 3. IT and telecommunications equipment 4. Consumer equipment (e.g. videos, radio, hi-fi) - excludes CRTs 5. Lighting equipment - excluding flourescent tubes 6. Electrical and electronic tools (e.g. drills, saws, sewing machines) 7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment (e.g. electric trains, video games) 8. Medical Devices - excludes contaminated items 9. Monitoring and control instruments (e.g. smoke detector, thermostats) 10. Automatic dispensers (e.g. vending machines) 11. Cooling equipment including category 10 devices with cooling 12. Display equipment (CRTs) including plasma and LCD 13. Gas discharge lamps (e.g. flourescent tubes)The WEEE Directive is based on article 175 of the European Commission (EC) Treaty which established the European Union. This directive makes producers responsible for financing the collection, treatment, and recovery of waste electrical and electronic equipment. It also seeks to oblige distributors to allow consumers to return their waste equipment free of charge. This provision is based on the precept that the polluter should pay and applies irrespective of the selling technique, including distance selling.

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